Pengaruh Respon Relaksasi Benson Terhadap Depresi Paska Stroke

  • dwi mulianda Akper Kesdam IV/Diponegoro Semarang
  • Ainnur Rahmanti Akper Kesdam IV/Diponegoro Semarang
Keywords: Respon relaksasi, Depresi, Paska Stroke

Abstract

Abstrak. Depresi adalah gangguan mental yang ditunjukkan dengan suasana hati tertekan, kehilangan minat atau kesenangan, perasaan bersalah atau harga diri yang rendah, susah tidur, penurunan nafsu makan, rendahnya energi dan konsentrasi yang buruk. Depresi Paska Stroke (DPS) dapat berpengaruh negatif terhadap kualitas hidup rendah, morbiditas dan mortalitas yang tinggi, serta sucide. Salah satu terapi komplementer yang dapat menurunkan DPS adalah respon relaksasi Benson yaitu intervensi keperawatan komplementer dengan mengatur nafas, melemaskan semua otot dan konsentrasi, serta mengucapkan kata-kata spiritual. Subyek penelitian adalah pasien depresi paska stroke. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengkritisi hasil penelitian efektifitas respon relaksasi benson terhadap depresi. Metode penelitian ini adalah integrated review dimana data base yang digunakan adalah Science direct, Medline, Google Scholar, dan Proquest dengan menggunakan kata kunci pencarian adalah respon relaksasi, depresi, paska stroke dari tahun 2008 sampai tahun 2017. Hasil integrated review terhadap 5 penelitian menunjukkan adanya persamaan teori yang digunakan yaitu teori benson. Intervensi yang digunakan kelima penelitian  ini adalah respon relaksasi Benson, dua diantaranya disertai pendidikan kesehatan. Respon relaksasi Benson menunjukkan penurunan depresi pada 4 penelitian. Respon relaksasi Benson juga dapat berpengaruh terhadap kesejahteraan spiritual. Hal ini dibuktikan  dalam 1 hasil penelitian yang menunjukkan meningkatnya kesejahteraan spiritual berhubungan dengan outcome psikologis (depression, anxiety, hostility). Integrated review ini membuktikan efektivitas respon relaksasi Benson dapat menurunkan depresi sehingga respon relaksasi Benson dapat dijadikan prosedur tetap perawatan pasien depresi paska stroke. Selain itu respon relaksasi Benson dapat memperbaiki gejala fisik, mental, dan meningkatkan kesejahteraan spiritual. Penelitian selanjutnya pada pasien depresi paska stroke adalah menyelidiki semua keuntungan potensial dari respon relaksasi Benson pada pasien depresi paska stroke.

 

Abstract. Depression is a mental health disorder characterized by depressed mood, loss of interest or excitement, inappropriate guilt, low self-esteem, sleep disorder, loss of appetite, low energy level, and difficulty in concentration. Post-Stroke Depression (PSD) may negatively affect the quality of life, high rates of morbidity, mortality, and suicide. One of the complementary therapies to reduce the effects of PSD is Benson relaxation response. Benson relaxation response is a complementary nursing intervention done by regulating respiration, relaxing muscles, concentrating, and reciting spiritual words. The subjects of the research are depression patients. This research aims at criticizing the previous researches results on the effectivity of Benson relaxation response to treat depression patients. This research was carried out using integrated review method. The database was obtained from Science Direct, Medline, Google Scholar, and Proquest by using keywords such as relaxation response, depression, and post-stroke cases from 2008 to 2017. The integrated reviews on 5 researches show that the applied theory is equivalent ˗ which is Benson’s theory. The nursing intervention used by these 5 researches was Benson relaxation response and two of the researches also conducted health education. The results in 4 of the researches showed that Benson relaxation response induced the decline in depression. Benson relaxation response also positively affect spiritual welfare. It was proved by one of the researches that showed an increase in spiritual welfare related to psychological outcome (depression, anxiety, hostility). This integrated review showed that Benson relaxation response was proved to be effective in lowering depression rate, thus it can be used as a permanent procedure in the treatment of patients with PSD. Besides, Benson relaxation response is also effective in improving physical, mental, and spiritual welfare. Further researches related to depression in PSD patients should be an investigation in the potential benefits of Benson relaxation response in PSD patients

Published
2019-06-19
How to Cite
mulianda, dwi, & Rahmanti, A. (2019). Pengaruh Respon Relaksasi Benson Terhadap Depresi Paska Stroke. Jurnal Keperawatan, 3(01), 1-7. Retrieved from https://stikesks-kendari.e-journal.id/JK/article/view/26

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.